Critical Reading Skills
Determining the Meaning of Words
Use vocabulary skills, context, roots, prefixes and suffixes to determine the meaning of words.
Author’s Craft
Understand how authors use tone, style and writing devices such as metaphor or symbolism.
Reasoning and Inference
Understand assumptions, suggestions and implications in reading passages and draw informed conclusions.
Organization and Ideas
Understand the organization of a reading passage, and identify the main and supporting ideas.
Understanding Literary
Elements Understand literary elements such as plot, setting and characterization.
Mathematics
Number and Operations
Understand types of numbers (integers, fractions, decimals), their properties and the correct order of operations (addition, multiplication, division). Perform computations correctly.
Algebra and Functions
Solve problems using algebraic expressions and symbols to represent relationships, patterns and functions of different types.
Geometry and Measurement
Solve problems based on understanding the properties of shapes, such as triangles and circles, and the spatial relationships between angles and lines.
Data, Statistics and Probability
Analyze data, understand descriptive statistics, make inferences and determine the likelihood that certain events will occur.
Problem Solving
Solve abstract and practical problems by applying and adapting a variety of strategies. Monitor progress and evaluate answers in terms of questions asked.

Representation
Use and translate among representations including verbal, numerical, symbolic and graphical to communicate mathematical ideas and solve problems.
Reasoning
Develop and use mathematical arguments and proofs to explore the truth of conjectures and justify conclusions.
Connections
Connect ideas from different areas of mathematics (particularly geometry and algebra) to state or solve abstract or applied problems.
Communication
Express mathematical ideas precisely and communicate them coherently and clearly in the language and notation of mathematics.
Writing Skills
Manage Word Choice and Grammatical Relationships Between Words
Understand relationships between and among words, including subject–verb agreement, pronoun reference, and verb form and tense.
Manage Grammatical Structures Used to Modify or Compare
Understand correct use of adjectives or adverbs, comparative structures (such as neither and nor) and phrases used to modify or compare.
Manage Phrases and Clauses in a Sentence
Use wellformed sentence structures (e.g., parallelism, connectives, and relative clauses) to indicate relationships between and among sentence elements.
Recognize Correctly Formed Sentences
Recognize correct sentence structure.
Manage Order and Relationships of Sentences
and Paragraphs Identify how to order the elements of a sentence or paragraph to improve clarity, meaning and the progression of ideas.
